Diabetes is a set of related diseases in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar (glucose) in the blood. the cells don't respond (type2). In either case the blood glucose levels get too high causing, over time, serious complications. Researchers have identified several genes associated with the development of type 1 diabetes. The prevailing belief about the etiology, or cause, of type 1 diabetes is that although someone may have a genetic predisposition for developing type 1 diabetes, it takes an environmental trigger (e.
g., virus, toxin, drug) to set the autoimmune process in motion that destroys insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells and causes type 1 diabetes Type 1 Diabetes affects only 5 % of all diabetics. In my opinion it is by far the worst of the two types.
In type 1 the cells that make insulin are destroyed - an auto immune reaction causing dependence on outside sources of insulin. There is no cure for type 1 diabetes. In type 2 the cell receptors that respond to insulin either don't work at all or not very well causing insulin resistance. The most common risk factors for Type 2 Diabetes are age, sedentary lifestyle and being overweight. My money goes on the weight issue as the #1 cause. Heredity too is a huge part.
Type 2 Diabetes has been called a disease of lifestyle. It certainly was in my case. As with a lot of folks, as you get older your metabolism slows down, you start gaining weight, you are less active and more sedentary-a trifecta of reasons for the disease. Add in some unhealthy eating habits and you have the 'perfect storm' for Diabetes. Genetics can put you at risk for diabetes * It has been shown that native people with higher percentage of Indian blood are more likely to develop diabetes * It is not clear why there is this genetic difference, but one theory is that at one time when food was not always plentiful, the body adjusted for these lean times by storing extra fat for this purpose.
The other factors If you've been diagnosed with any problems with your circulation, had a heart attack or stroke, or if you've got high blood pressure you may be at an increased risk of diabetes. Pregnant women can develop a temporary type of diabetes ? gestational diabetes. Having this ? or giving birth to a large baby ? can increase the risk of a woman going on to develop diabetes in the future.
Risk factors you can't control: * Family history. Your risk is higher, if you have a close relative (parent, brother, sister) with diabetes. * Gestational diabetes, or having a baby who weighs more than 9 pounds.
Women who have diabetes during pregnancy or have a large baby are at greater risk for diabetes later in life, usually type 2 diabetes. The more risk factors you have, the more likely you will get type 2 diabetes.
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